Tuesday, 24 February 2015

The Geneaologie of the Family of Lord Abernethie of Abernethie, Part II

Today we return to the The Geneaologie of the Family of Lord Abernethie of Abernethie. When we left, Margory Abernethie had been married to Lord Hugh Douglas:

Margory Abernethie and Lord Hugh Douglas died and buried in the Church of St Brides in Douglas - left issue Elenora who married Sir Andrew Frazer of Philroth and left issue a son Alexander who when a youth was with His Uncle Sir Simon Frazer at the Battle of Mathven – and still adhering to the interest of King Robert Bruce was honoured with the Marriage of Lady Mary Bruce the Kings sister.

left issue Alexander and Andrew. Andrew who married the daughter and heris of Sir John Bisiet who laid the Foundation of the Family of Lord Lovet.

(1233) Lord Laurance de Abernethie suceeded to the houners and estates of his father Lord Hugh de Abernethie and obtained a Grant of Lands in the County of Roxburgh by a Charter dated at Edinburgh - the twenty forth of June - one thousand two hundred and thirty three - he left issue Alexander Dominus de Codem who married the daughter and heres of Wishort of Brichon - left issue Hugh Lord de Abernethie, Margaret, Helen and Mary. There is a Charter of Lord Hugh de Abernethy to William de Federath exonerating him and his heirs from making any apperence in his Court for these lands. This charter was Granted in the Reign of Alexander the III and the Seal there appended was Intire having a Lion Ramping sirmounted of a Ribbon. Lord Hugh de Abernethie was one of the Barons that rebeled against Robert Bruce, the said King calling a Parliament at Perth one thousand three hundred and twenty (1320). Required the Barons to produce there Charters of the Lands held by theme - the drew their swords. Declaring that these were the Evidences the held in their hands that gave them Right to there lands. Lord Hugh de Abernethie being one of them his Title was forfited - he died unmarried the Estates went to his three sisters. Margaret married Sir John Steward Nephew to the Lord High Stewart of Scotland, Sir Joh Stewart of Buncal - was at the Coronation of David the II created Earl of Angus - he was slane at the Battle of Hallydonhilll he left a son Thomas who married Margaret daughter of Sir William Sinclair of Rosline - had issue Thomas, Margaret and Elizabeth.

Thomas there son died unmarried and Margaret married first Thomas Earl of Marr - but had no issue with him - and after his death she married again to William first Earl of Douglas to whom she had a son George (1389) - Margaret Countess of Angus resigned the Earldom of Angus in Parliament to her son George - Douglas - the ninth of April one thousand three hundred and eighty nine - and received the Estate of Abernethie in Fife. He married Princess Mary daughter to King Robert the III had issue Elizabeth who married John Lord Hay of Yester (ancester of the Marqus of Twedle) and issue Elizabeth married first to Lord Seton and after his death she married to William Lord Abernethie of Rothiemay and Saltoun.
Helen second daughter of Lord Alexander of Abernethie married Sir David Lindsay of Crawford - in the reign of King Robert Bruce and recvd with hir the Estate and Barony of Downy in the shire of Angus had issue David Alexander and William. Sir David was created Lord Lindsay of Craford by King David the II he was suceed by his son James who married Giles daughter of Walter High Stewart of Scotland - had a daughter Margory married to Sir Henery Douglas Ancester to the Earls of Morton.

Alexander the second son married - and whos son David was created Earl of Crawford by King Robert the III he married Princess Jane Daughter of King Robert the II. William youngest son - which line afterwards succeeded to the title of Earl of Crawford. Mary the third daughter of Lord Abernethie of Abernethie married Sir Andrew Leslie and with her got the Barony of Rothies and Ballanbrich had issue a son Walter who married the Daughter  and co-heires of William Earl of Ross - had issue a son George - Sir Andrew Leslie resigned the Barony of Ballenbirch into the hands of King Robert III. He was suceeded by his son George - who was the first that assumed the title of Rothes. He married Elizabeth Daughter of Sir Thomas Hay of Earol - ancester of the Earl of Earol by the Princess Daughter of King Robert II.

Upon the Information of a noble Lord that the Ribbon which bursed the Lion in the Arms of Abernethie was not in the Coat of Arms of the fore said Lord Hugh de Abernethie and that
his natural son was the first that assumed the Ribbon which I find is not true, for I have seen a Charter of Hugh Lord Abernethie to William Feadereth as I have hitherto stated to which was appended his seal of arms with a Lion Rampent Brused with the Ribbon - which was not a mark of Illegitimation in these times.

The Abernethies had a privilege Granted them. that if any with in the ninth degree in relation to the family should be found guilty of the unpremeditated slaughter or casual homicide of a gentleman. he should pay twenty four marks of silver and twelve if a plebian for expiation of the crime and flying to a sanctuary near Newburgh in the confimes of Strathern wherein Lord Hugh Abernethy was Assilyied for the slaughter of John Malvel of Glenbervy.

Robertus Prior of the Monastry of Carlops - second son of Hugh Lord Abernethy Command five hundred knights of St John at the Battle of Roslen who had the Chife Priceptory at Torphichton Carlops was headquarters for the Scottish Army - as soon as Sir John Cummin and Sir Simon Frazer came up with the main body  the Prior adressed the Army thus-

Brave Solders, you ar to be Engaged in a conflict in which the liberty of our Country depends - for many years past our Energy has been directed to defend Scotland from the ambitions inroads of that Imporious King of England but the baptized world will this day see England and his sanguinary slaves scatred before the wind - and that his power can nether overaw or his oppresion subdue us. Brave solders. no shall we the sons of Scotland, who were never conquered bend our free born heads beneth the feet of this Impearious tryant. Solders. it is the high sentiment of patrisom never to be afraid - but it is the nobler sentimant of Christian duty never to despair. and I trust that it is with such determination that ye have met in arms today that providance which has united us in the sublime devotion has, also united our hearts with they glourious resolution to fight to conquer or to die for our country the might of God will arise and by our arms this day will our Enemies be scatread and Scotland will yeat be free and God even our God will give us his Blessing

At the Conclusion of the addres the prior caused a tree to be cut down and made into the form of a cross and put up on the highest hill of the pentlands - and when the army saw the cross on the sumet of the hill there was a General cry on to the field let us do or die for the Cross will be our banor at thre oclock in the morning the 24 January one thousand three hundred and two being the first Sabeth of Lent. the marched forward twards Roslen where the met the English and a despreat Engegment took place - where the Scots presed so hard that the English retired till the came to Roslan and the Castle of Roslane was taking and retaking three times in one day and the victory declared in favour of the Scots.

The blue plaided Scotish troops as swift as the wind spred terror before them and ruin behind.
thick clouds of blood vipour hovered over the Stane and the rider and corser lay streched on the plain.

The hill on where the Cross stood was called Abernethie Hill in honour of the priors name after the Battle the Cross was taking down the Glen of Logen burn and carried to a house which recved the name of Cross House a parrish was made of the Grounds and called it Glencross.

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